If you’ve been diagnosed with gum disease, a variety of treatment options are available, depending on the details of your situation and the severity of the problem. We always start with the least invasive options, which are non-surgical. However, in more serious cases, surgery may be necessary.
The first line of defense against gum disease is a unique type of cleaning called “scaling and root planing.” In this procedure, an ultrasonic cleaning device is used to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth where regular cleaning devices can’t reach: under the gum line, on the tooth, and around the root.
Then the rough surface of the tooth and the root are smoothed out (planed). This provides a healthy, clean surface that makes it easier for the gum tissue to reattach to the tooth.
If you address your gum disease before it becomes severe, scaling and root planing may be the only treatment you need. However, as with any dental procedure, after-care is vital.
In order to keep your teeth in good shape and resist future occurrences of gum disease, you must brush and floss daily, eat a healthy diet, avoid tobacco use, and have regular dental checkups. Even after a successful scaling and root planing, if you don’t attend to your teeth properly, it’s quite likely that you’ll develop gum disease again.
Many studies have shown that in the presence of bacteria, increased biting pressures cause periodontal disease to worsen. By evaluating which teeth hit harder than others, it is possible to do judicious spot grinding of the teeth to equalize the bite.
During maintenance visits, we review medical and dental histories and discuss any new dental problems. This is followed by an intra- and extra-oral cancer screening, cleaning of your teeth with both ultrasonic and hand instruments, polishing of the teeth, and a fluoride treatment.
It is crucial, especially in adults, to ensure there is no bleeding of your gums before orthodontic therapy is initiated. If your gums are not healthy and any kind of orthodontics is started, there is a greater chance of tooth loss.